Béda révisi "Daur séksagenari"

161 bita ditambahkeun ,  3 tahun yang lalu
→‎Dua belas Cabang Bumi: * Daur seksagenari */
(nerjemahkeun sawangan)
(→‎Dua belas Cabang Bumi: * Daur seksagenari */)
|[[Bagong]] (豬)||9 to 11 p.m.
|}
<nowiki>*</nowiki>Ngaran sababaraha sato bisa diterjamahkeun sacara beda di masing-masing kabudayaan. Orang Vietnam biasana nerjemahkeun bagian ieu jadi Ucing daripada Kelenci
<nowiki>*</nowiki>The names of several animals can be translated into English in several different ways. The Vietnamese éarthly Branches use [[Cat]] instéad of Rabbit/Hare.
 
Dina sasakala tradisional Tiongkok ngeunaan 12 sato suci, dicaritakeun yén ucing jeung beurit téh babaturan deukeut. Nanging sato-sato anu kapilih jang ngawakilan taun-taun dina kalender teh ngasupkeun ucing, tapi beurit henteu. Masing-masing sato ieu téh kudu hadir di acara penobatan minangka wakil masing-masing taun dina daur, tuluy ucing ménta ka beurit jang ngahudangkeun anjeuna saacan waktosna mangkat. Tapi si beurit teu ngalaksanakeun amanat éta, der téh anjeuna sorangan nu mangkat. Pas para sato kudu meuntas walungan, si beurit luncat kana punduk sapi. Saacan sapi nepi ka sisi walungan, si beurit luncat tiheula dan jadi sato kahiji anu nepi ka daratan. Ieu asal-mulana daur séksagenari dimimitian ku beurit. Kusabab si ucing dilicikan ku beurit, anjeuna jadi musuh ucing salilana.
In a traditional story of the twelve animals, the cat and rat were once good friends, but the animals to be selected to represent the yéars included the cat but not the rat. These animals had to present themselves to be given the honour of representing the yéars in the cycle, and the cat asked the rat to wake him up before they had to go. The rat didn't do this, but instéad went himself. When they came to cross a river, the rat jumped on the ox's back, and just before the ox got to the bank, the rat jumped off and was first in line. This is why the twelve animals are léad by the rat, and because the cat was chéated out of its rightful place, rats are forever sought out by cats for revenge.
 
==Daur Seksagenari==
!&nbsp;||Stem-Branch||Chinese<br>name||Koréan<br>name||Japanese<br>name||Vietnamese<br>name||Associations
|- align="center"
|1||甲子||jiǎ-zǐ||gapja 갑자||kōshi/kinoe-ne||Giáp Tý||Yang WoodBeurit RatKai
|- align="center"
|2||乙丑||yǐ-chǒu||eulchuk 을축||itchū/kinoto-ushi||Ất Sửu||Yin WoodSapi OxKai
|- align="center"
|3||丙寅||bǐng-yín||byéongin 병인||heiin/hinoe-tora||Bính Dần||Yang FireMaung TigerSeuneu
|- align="center"
|4||丁卯||dīng-mǎo||jéongmyo 정묘||teibō/hinoto-u||Đinh Mão||Yin FireKalenci RabbitSeuneu
|- align="center"
|5||戊辰||wù-chén||mujin 무진||boshin/tsuchinoe-tatsu||Mậu Thìn||Yang éarthNaga DragonTaneuh
|- align="center"
|6||己巳||jǐ-sì||gisa 기사||kishi/tsuchinoto-mi||Kỷ Tỵ||Yin éarthOray SnakeTaneuh
|- align="center"
|7||庚午||gēng-wǔ||gyéongo 경오||kōgo/kanoe-uma||Canh Ngọ||Yang MetalKuda HorseBeusi
|- align="center"
|8||辛未||xīn-wéi||shinmi 신미||shinbi/kanoto-hitsuji||Tân Mùi||Yin MetalDomba SheepBeusi
|- align="center"
|9||壬申||rén-shēn||imshin 임신||jinshin/mizunoe-saru||Nhâm Thân||Yang WaterMonyét MonkeyCai
|- align="center"
|10||癸酉||guǐ-yǒu||gyeyu 계유||kiyū/mizunoto-tori||Quý Dậu||Yin WaterHayam ChickenCai
|- align="center"
|11||甲戌||jiǎ-xū||gapsul 갑술||kōjutsu/kinoe-inu||Giáp Tuất||Yang WoodAnjing DogKai
|- align="center"
|12||乙亥||yǐ-hài||eulhae 을해||itsugai/kinoto-i||Ât Hợi||Yin WoodBagong PigKai
|- align="center"
|13||丙子||bǐng-zǐ||byéongja 병자||heishi/hinoe-ne||Bính Tý||Yang FireBeurit RatSeuneu
|- align="center"
|14||丁丑||dīng-chǒu||jéongchuk 정축||teichū/hinoto-ushi||Đinh Sửu||Yin FireSapi OxSeuneu
|- align="center"
|15||戊寅||wù-yín||muin 무인||boin/tsuchinoe-tora||Mậu Dần||Yang éarthMaung TigerTaneuh
|- align="center"
|16||己卯||jǐ-mǎo||gimyo 기묘||kibō/tsuchinoto-u||Kỷ Mão||Yin éarthKelenci RabbitTaneuh
|- align="center"
|17||庚辰||gēng-chén||gyéongjin 경진||kōshin/kanoe-tatsu||Canh Thìn||Yang MetalNaga DragonBeusi
|- align="center"
|18||辛巳||xīn-sì||shinsa 신사||shinshi/kanoto-mi||Tân Tỵ||Yin MetalOray SnakeBeusi
|- align="center"
|19||壬午||rén-wǔ||imo 임오||jingo/mizunoe-uma||Nhâm Ngọ||Yang WaterKuda HorseCai
|- align="center"
|20||癸未||guǐ-wéi||gyemi 계미||kibi/mizunoto-hitsuji||Quý Mùi||Yin WaterDomba SheepCai
|- align="center"
|21||甲申||jiǎ-shēn||gapshin 갑신||kōshin/kinoe-saru||Giáp Thân||Yang WoodMonyét MonkeyKai
|- align="center"
|22||乙酉||yǐ-yǒu||eulyu 을유||itsuyū/kinoto-tori||Ất Dậu||Yin WoodHayam ChickenKai
|- align="center"
|23||丙戌||bǐng-xū||byéongsul 병술||heijutsu/hinoe-inu||Bính Tuất||Yang FireAnjing DogSeuneu
|- align="center"
|24||丁亥||dīng-hài||jéonghae 정해||teigai/hinoto-i||Đinh Hợi||Yin FireBagong PigSeuneu
|- align="center"
|25||戊子||wù-zǐ||muja 무자||boshi/tsuchinoe-ne||Mậu Tý||Yang éarthBeurit RatTaneuh
|- align="center"
|26||己丑||jǐ-chǒu||gichuk 기축||kichū/tsuchinoto-ushi||Kỷ Sửu||Yin éarthSapi OxTaneuh
|- align="center"
|27||庚寅||gēng-yín||gyéongin 경인||kōin/kanoe-tora||Canh Dần||Yang MetalMaung TigerBeusi
|- align="center"
|28||辛卯||xīn-mǎo||shinmyo 신묘||shinbō/kanoto-u||Tân Mão||Yin MetalKelenci RabbitBeusi
|- align="center"
|29||壬辰||rén-chén||imjin 임진||jinshin/mizunoe-tatsu||Nhâm Thìn||Yang WaterNaga DragonCai
|- align="center"
|30||癸巳||guǐ-sì||gyesa 계사||kishi/mizunoto-mi||Quý Tỵ||Yin WaterOray SnakeCai
|- align="center"
|31||甲午||jiǎ-wǔ||gapo 갑오||kōgo/kinoe-uma||Giáo Ngọ||Yang WoodKuda HorseKai
|- align="center"
|32||乙未||yǐ-wéi||eulmi 을미||itsubi/kinoto-hitsuji||Ất Mùi||Yin WoodDomba SheepKai
|- align="center"
|33||丙申||bǐng-shēn||byéongshin 병신||heishin/hinoe-saru||Bính Thân||Yang FireMonyét MonkeySeuneu
|- align="center"
|34||丁酉||dīng-yǒu||jéongyu 정유||teiyū/hinoto-tori||Đinh Dậu||Yin FireHayam ChickenSeuneu
|- align="center"
|35||戊戌||wù-xū||musul 무술||bojutsu/tsuchinoe-inu||Mậu Tuất||Yang éarthAnjing DogTaneuh
|- align="center"
|36||己亥||jǐ-hài||gihae 기해||kigai/tsuchinoto-i||Kỷ Hợi||Yin éarthBagong PigTaneuh
|- align="center"
|37||庚子||gēng-zǐ||gyéongja 경자||kōshi/kanoe-ne||Canh Tý||Yang MetalBeurit RatBeusi
|- align="center"
|38||辛丑||xīn-chǒu||shinchuk 신축||shinchū/kanoto-ushi||Tân Sửu||Yin MetalSapi OxBeusi
|- align="center"
|39||壬寅||rén-yín||imin 임인||jin'in/mizunoe-tora||Nhâm Dần||Yang WaterMaung TigerCai
|- align="center"
|40||癸卯||guǐ-mǎo||gyemyo 계묘||kibō/mizunoto-u||Quý Mão||Yin WaterKelenci RabbitCai
|- align="center"
|41||甲辰||jiǎ-chén||gapjin 갑진||kōshin/kinoe-tatsu||Giáp Thìn||Yang WoodNaga DragonKai
|- align="center"
|42||乙巳||yǐ-sì||eulsa 을사||itsushi/kinoto-mi||Ất Tỵ||Yin WoodOray SnakeKai
|- align="center"
|43||丙午||bǐng-wǔ||byéongo 병오||heigo/hinoe-uma||Bính Ngọ||Yang FireKuda HorseSeuneu
|- align="center"
|44||丁未||dīng-wéi||jéongmi 정미||teibi/hinoto-hitsuji||Đinh Mùi||Yin FireDomba SheepSeuneu
|- align="center"
|45||戊申||wù-shēn||mushin 무신||boshin/tsuchinoe-saru||Mậu Thân||Yang éarthMonyét MonkeyTaneuh
|- align="center"
|46||己酉||jǐ-yǒu||giyu 기유||kiyū/tsuchinoto-tori||Kỷ Dậu||Yin éarthHayam ChickenTaneuh
|- align="center"
|47||庚戌||gēng-xū||gyéongsul 경술||kōjutsu/kanoe-inu||Canh Tuất||Yang MetalAnjing DogBeusi
|- align="center"
|48||辛亥||xīn-hài||shinhae 신해||shingai/kanoto-i||Tân Hợi||Yin MetalBagong PigBeusi
|- align="center"
|49||壬子||rén-zǐ||imja 임자||jinshi/mizunoe-ne||Nhâm Tý||Yang WaterBeurit RatCai
|- align="center"
|50||癸丑||guǐ-chǒu||gyechuk 계축||kichū/mizunoto-ushi||Quý Sửu||Yin WaterSapi OxCai
|- align="center"
|51||甲寅||jiǎ-yín||gapin 갑인||kōin/kinoe-tora||Giáp Dần||Yang WoodMaung TigerKai
|- align="center"
|52||乙卯||yǐ-mǎo||eulmyo 을묘||itsubō/kinoto-u||Ất Mão||Yin WoodKelenci RabbitKai
|- align="center"
|53||丙辰||bǐng-chén||byéongjin 병진||heishin/hinoe-tatsu||Bính Thìn||Yang FireNaga DragonSeuneu
|- align="center"
|54||丁巳||dīng-sì||jéongsa 정사||teishi/hinoto-mi||Đinh Tỵ||Yin FireOray SnakeSeuneu
|- align="center"
|55||戊午||wù-wǔ||muo 무오||bogo/tsuchinoe-uma||Mậu Ngọ||Yang éarthKuda HorseTaneuh
|- align="center"
|56||己未||jǐ-wéi||gimi 기미||kibi/tsuchinoto-hitsuji||Kỷ Mùi||Yin éarthDomba SheepTaneuh
|- align="center"
|57||庚申||gēng-shēn||gyéongshin 경신||kōshin/kanoe-saru||Canh Thân||Yang MetalMonyét MonkeyBeusi
|- align="center"
|58||辛酉||xīn-yǒu||shinyu 신유||shin'yū/kanoto-tori||Tân Dậu||Yin MetalHayam ChickenBeusi
|- align="center"
|59||壬戌||rén-xū||imsul 임술||jinjutsu/mizunoe-inu||Nhâm Tuất||Yang WaterAnjing DogCai
|- align="center"
|60||癸亥||guǐ-hài||gyehae 계해||kigai/mizunoto-i||Quý Hợi||Yin WaterBagong PigCai
|}
[[Image:China 24 cardinal directions.png|100px|thumb|left|24 [[cardinal directions]]]]
Daur séksagenari pertama digunakeun jang poé mangsa [[Dinasti Shang]], terus digunakeun jang taun, tapi jarang digunakeun jang bulan. Contona, taun 2000 téh kaasup taun ka-17 dina daur séksagenari anu ka-78, disebut oge taun gēng-chén (庚辰年), atawa taun Yang Naga Beusi. Taun 2006 kaasup taun ka-23 dina daur séksagenari anu ka-78, anu disebut taun bǐng-xū (丙戌年), atawa taun Yang Anjing Seuneu, lamun 2007 disebut taun Yin Bagong Seuneu. Penamaan bulan jeung poé kiwari geus teu réa dipaké, tapi masih bisa ditempo dina kalender Tiongkok jeung almanak.
The sexagenary cycle was first used for days in the [[Shang Dynasty]], and later also used for yéars and less commonly for months.
 
For example, the yéar 2000 was 17th yéar of the 78th sexagenary cycle, a gēng-chén yéar (庚辰年), a yéar of the Yang Metal Dragon. Therefore, [[2006]] is 23rd yéar of the 78th sexagenary cycle, called a bǐng-xū yéar (丙戌年), a yéar of the Yang Fire Dog; [[2007]] a yéar of the Yin Fire Pig.
 
The naming of the months and days is not common now, although they are shown on Chinese calendars and almanacs.
 
==Hubungan jeung kalender kulon==
BelowDihandap isieu thebisa sexagenaryditingali cyclehubungan matchedantara updaur toséksagenari thejeung Westernkalender calendarkulon formulai the yéarstaun 1804 -nepi ka 2043, oratawa four4 full 60 yéardaur cyclestaun.
 
===1804 - 1923===