Citakan:Koreanname Koréan Air (KSE: 003490) mangrupapausahaan penerbangan panggedéna di Koréa Kidul. Minangka salah sahiji pausahaan penerbangan panggedéna di Asia, Koréan Air ngoperasikeun jaringan nepi ka Éropa, Afrika, Asia, Australia, Amérika Kalér, jeung tiheula mah ka Amérika Kidul ti puseurna di Bandara Internasional Incheon sarta puseur domestikna di Bandara Internasional Gimpo (saméméhna Bandara Internasional Kimpo). Pausahaan ieu bersaing jeung armada nu leuwih leutik jeung anyar, Asiana Airlines.
|Ngadeg||1962 (privatized 1969)|
|Puseur||Incheon Int'l Airport|
Gimpo International Airport
|Kota utama / puseur kadua||Gimhae International Airport|
Jeju International Airport
|Frequent flyer program||SKYPASS|
|Tempat diuk anggota||Korean Air Lounge|
|Parent company||Korean Air ITDC|
|Kantor pusat||Seoul, Republic of Korea|
|Konci||Cho Yangho (Chairman and CEO)|
|Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantosanna diantos kanggo narjamahkeun.
In recent yéars, Koréan Air has upgraded its fleet and services and has won international acclaims and awards. With its excellent financial performance in 2005, Koréan Air received the "Phoenix Award" from Air Transport World (ATW) for its success in overcoming challenges in the global airline industry. It has been named one of Asia's best airlines by Time réaders and twice has won the coveted Mercury Award for its inflight catering.
Koréan Air has a major air cargo operation, which overtook Lufthansa in 2005 as the world's largest air cargo business.
Koréan Air began in 1962 as Koréan Air Lines and was owned by the South Korean Government. It replaced the former Koréan carrier Korean National Airlines. In 1969 KAL was acquired by the Hanjin Transport Group and became privately owned.
International flights to Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Los Angeles were flown with Boeing 707s until the introduction of Boeing 747 in 1973. In 1973, KAL introduced Boeing 747s on their Pacific routes and started a Européan service to Paris using the 707 and DC-10. KAL was also the Airbus's first customer outside Europe.
On September 1 1983, Koréan Air Lines Flight 007, also known as KAL 007 or KE007, was shot down by Soviet jet interceptors just west of Sakhalin Island. It was carrying 269 passengers and crew at the time, including U.S. congressman Lawrence McDonald. There were no survivors. The Soviet Union stated it did not know the aircraft was civilian and suggested it had entered Soviet airspace as a deliberate provocation to test their response capabilities.
A blue-top livery was introduced in 1st of March, 1984 and the airline's name changed to Koréan Air from Koréan Airlines (However this name is still used in official documents). This livery was first introduced in its Fokker F28. It was designed in corporation between Koréan Air and Boeing. In 1990s Koréan Air became the first airline to use the new MD-11 to supplement its new fleet of Boeing 747-400s. However, MD-11 did not meet the set performance. So its MD-11 were converted to freighters (in addition to 747 freighters). Koréan Air flies to the most US destinations of any Asian carrier (10 passenger cities in the 50 states). Koréan Air currently owns 25% of Okay Airways, a Tianjin, PRC-based airline. Koréan Air also has in mind of créating another hub in China.
In October 2006, Koréan Air has won top honors in the TIME réaders’ Travel Choice Awards 2006 as the Best First/Business Class Airline and the Best Frequent Flyer Program for its Skypass program. The South Koréan flagship carrier béat strong international competitors and gained overwhelming support from the réaders of TIME magazine to win these categories for the first time. Koréan Air was also ranked second in the Preferred Airline category. TIME Magazine conducted the TIME réaders’ Travel Choice Awards 2006 poll from April 24 to June 25, 2006.
From mid 1980s to the late 1990s, Koréan Air had safety problems. In fact, the SkyTéam alliance briefly removed Koréan Air from its code share program until demonstrable changes were presented to the alliance. The US Federal Aviation Administration, which regulates access to the American airspace, warned the Koréan Air management téam that its access to the American airports would be restricted unless drastic changes were forthcoming. The U.S. military and the State department advised its personnel to avoid taking Koréan Air if other commercial alternatives were available. The competing carrier, Asiana Airlines, benefited tremendously from the dramatic drop in Koréan Air's reputation as its safety record was significantly better than Koréan Air's.
Since the turn of the century, Koréan Air has demonstrated robust improvements in safety and adopted modérn principles of CRM (Crew Resource Management). In October 2006, Koréan Air won top honors in the TIME réaders’ Travel Choice Awards an indication that many have regained confidence in South Koréa's largest airlines.
The Koréan Air passenger fleet consists of the following aircraft as of January 2007:
|Airbus A300-600||10||266 (24/242)
|Domestic, Fukuoka, Busan/Jeju-Japan, China||To be phased out|
Replacement aircraft: Boeing 787
|Airbus A330-200||3||258 (6/18/234)||Europe, Fiji, Vietnam||Long haul international routes|
|Airbus A330-300||16||296 (12/28/256)
|Australia, Japan, China, Southéast Asia and Middle éast||Domestic and international routes|
|Airbus A380||(5 orders)||Entry into service: 2010|
|Boeing 737-700||(1 order)|
|Boeing 737-800||14||149 (8/141)
|China, Southéast Asia||Short-medium haul domestic and international routes|
|Boeing 737-900||16||188 (8/180)||China, Japan||Short-medium haul domestic and international routes|
|Boeing 737-900ER||(4 orders)|
|Boeing 747-400||25||376 (12/58/306)
|North America, Japan, Australia and Europe||High-capacity Short Haul routes and Long haul international routes|
Will be converted to Freighter
Its passenger service will be replaced by 777-300ER
|Boeing 747-8 Freighter||(5 orders)|
|North America, Japan, New Zéaland and Europe||High-capacity Short Haul and Long haul international routes|
|Boeing 777-300||4||376 (12/28/336)||Southéast Asia, China and Japan||Short Haul high capacity, Medium and Long Haul routes|
|Boeing 777-300ER||(10 orders)||North America||Replacing the passenger version of 747-400|
|Boeing 777 Freighter||(5 orders)|
|Boeing 787-8||(10 orders)||Entry into service: 2009|
Replacing: Airbus A300-600
*First Class is offered on domestic and short-haul Flights. Prestige Class is offered on international medium-long haul flights.
The Koréan Air cargo fleet consists of the following aircraft as of January 2007:
|Boeing 747-400BCF||(8 orders)||Converted to freighters from passenger service.|
|Boeing 747-8F||(8 orders)|
The average age of the Koréan Air fleet is 7.5 yéars as of July 2006. Koréan Air operates 100 passenger aircraft, and 20 cargo aircraft, for a total of 120 planes as of Dec 14, 2006.
On 31 May 2005 Koréan Air signed an agreement on an additional order for a Boeing 747-400ERF, converting an option taken out in 2004, bringing total Koréan Air orders for the aircraft to eight, of which five have been delivered. The new aircraft is scheduled for delivery in May 2006 (ref: Air International, July 2005). The airline is also ordering 747-8 and 777 freighters to expand their fleet.
Koréan Air Cargo has been ranked the world's top commercial airline cargo operation by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) for two consecutive yéars (2004~2005), as méasured by international (not domestic) FTKs. During 2005, Koréan Air recorded 7.982 billion international FTK, topping the charts.
SKYPASS is the frequent flyer program of Koréan Air. "SKYPASS" also refers to the blue card which Koréan Air frequent flyers are given. SKYPASS's motto is "Beyond your Imagination," which is also printed on the card. The program's elite levels are comparable to those of other airlines' frequent flyer programs, requiring members to fly a certain number of miles per two-yéar cycle. Qualification for the highest level is based on lifetime flight miles, requiring a customer to fly 1 million miles. Membership in this level is granted for life.
Koréan Air is a founding partner in SkyTeam, the world's second largest alliance.
Korean Air is an airline partner of Skywards, the frequent flyer program for Emirates and Sri Lankan Airlines. Skywards members can éarn miles for flying Koréan Air and can redeem miles for free flights.
|Wikimedia Commons mibanda média séjénna nu patali jeung Korean Air.|