# Citakan:Convert

Dokuméntasi citakan[tempo] [édit] [jujutan] [beresihan]

Template {{convert}} calculates measurements from one unit (you entered) to another one, and then presents the results. For example:

`{{convert|2|km|mi}}` → 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
`{{convert|7|mi|km}}` → 7 miles (11 km)

## Unit name or symbol (abbreviation): 1 pound or 1 lb?

The 'abbreviation' is actually the 'symbol'. `|abbr=on` will produce the symbol of the unit, instead of its name:

`{{convert|1|lb|kg}}` → 1 pound (0.45 kg) -- to compare
`{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=on}}` → 1 lb (0.45 kg)

Use `|adj=on` to produce the adjective form. The difference:

`{{convert|10|mi|km}} to go` → 10 miles (16 km) to go. -- to compare
`A {{convert|10|mi|km|adj=on}} distance` → A 10-mile (16 km) distance. -- Adjective

## Rounding: 100 ft is 30 m or 30.5 m or 30.48 m?

In detail, it is 100 feet (30,480 mm)*. In practical use, it is common to round the calculated metric number. With that, there are several possibilities.

### Default rounding

By default, the conversion result will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value (the number of digits after the decimal point—or the negative of the number of non-significant zeroes before the point—is increased by one if the conversion is a multiplication by a number between 0.02 and 0.2, remains the same if the factor is between 0.2 and 2, is decreased by 1 if it is between 2 and 20, and so on) or to two significant figures, whichever is more precise. An exception to this is rounding temperatures (see below).
Examples of rounding
Input Displays as Note
{{convert|123|ft|m|-1}} 123 feet (40 m)
{{convert|123|ft|m|0}} 123 feet (37 m)
{{convert|123|ft|m|1}} 123 feet (37.5 m)
{{convert|550|ft|m|0}} 550 feet (168 m) Approximate value is 167.64 m
{{convert|550|ft|m}} 550 feet (170 m) Rounds to 170, when approximate value is 167.64 m
{{convert|500|ft|m|0}} 500 feet (152 m) Approximate value is 152.4 m
{{convert|500|ft|m}} 500 feet (150 m) Rounds to 150, when approximate value is 152.4 m

Convert supports four types of rounding:

### Round to a given precision: use `|precision=`

Specify the desired precision with the fourth unnamed parameter (or third unnamed parameter if the "convert to" parameter is omitted; or fifth unnamed parameter if a range is specified; or fourth unnamed parameter again if a range is specified and the "convert to" parameter is omitted; needs to be replaced with a "precision" named parameter). The conversion is rounded off to the nearest power of 110 this number. For instance, if the result is 8621 and the round number is '-2', the result will be 8600. If the result is '234.0283043' and the round number is '0', the result will be 234.

### Round to a given number of significant figures: use `|sigfig=`

Specify the desired number of significant figures using `|sigfig=<number>` as noted above.

### Round to a multiple of 5: 15, 20, 25, ...

Using `|round=5` rounds the outcome to a multiple of 5. Same as `|near=5` and `|disp=5`.

`{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 metres (33 ft)
`{{convert|10|m|ft|round=5}}` → 10 metres (35 ft)

Similar: using `|round=25` rounds the outcome to a multiple of 25.

`{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 metres (33 ft)
`{{convert|10|m|ft|round=25}}` → 10 metres (25 ft)
To compare: `{{convert|10|m|ft|sigfig=4}}` → 10 metres (32.81 ft)

In a range, one can round each value individually to the default. Use `|round=each`:

`{{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft|round=each}}` → 10 by 200 by 3,000 metres (33 ft × 660 ft × 9,800 ft)
`{{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft}}` → 10 by 200 by 3,000 metres (33 ft × 656 ft × 9,843 ft)

### Round to a multiple of a given fraction: 21⁄4 inch

Specify the desired denominator using `|frac=<some positive integer>`. (Denominator is the below-the-slash number, for example the 3 in 13).

`{{convert|6|cm|in|frac=2}}` → 6 centimetres (2 12 in)
`{{convert|6|cm|in|frac=4}}` → 6 centimetres (2 14 in)
`{{convert|6|cm|in|frac=100}}` → 6 centimetres (2 925 in)
To compare: `{{convert|6|cm|in}}` → 6 centimetres (2.362 in)

### Rounding temperatures °C, °F and K

In temperatures, the conversion will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value or to that which would give three significant figures when expressed in kelvins, whichever is more precise.

`{{convert|10|C|F K}}` → 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)

Note

For a temperature difference, like to convert "a rise of 20 °C", use `|C-change=20` &tc.
`{{convert|20|C-change|F-change K-change}}` → A rise of 20 °C (36 °F; 20 K)

## Into multiple units: 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)

Separate the multiple output units by a space:

`{{convert|10|C|F K}}` → 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)
`{{convert|5|km|mi nmi}}` → 5 kilometres (3.1 mi; 2.7 nmi)

## Multiple measurements

### Range of values: 6 to 17 kg (13 to 37 lb)

Range indicators are entered as the second parameter (between the values). Range separators can be:

`to`, `to(-)`, `-` (ndash or hyphen), `or`, `and`, `±`, `+/-`:
`{{convert|6|to|17|kg|lb|abbr=on}}` → 6 to 17 kg (13 to 37 lb)
`{{convert|-10|to|-20|C}}` → −10 to −20 °C (14 to −4 °F)
`{{convert|6|to(-)|17|kg|lb}}` → 6 to 17 kilograms (13–37 lb)
`{{convert|6|and|17|kg|lb}}` → 6 and 17 kilograms (13 and 37 lb)
`{{convert|60|±|10|m|ft}}` → 60 ± 10 metres (197 ± 33 ft)
`{{convert|60|+/-|10|m|ft}}` → 60 ± 10 metres (197 ± 33 ft)

### Multiple dimensions: 6 by 12 feet (1.8 by 3.7 m)

`{{convert|6|by|12|ft|m}}` → 6 by 12 feet (1.8 by 3.7 m)
`{{convert|6|x|12|m|ft}}` → 6 by 12 metres (20 ft × 39 ft)

It is not possible to produce multiple [feet, inch] measurements.

## Words

### Spell out numbers: ten miles

To write a number in words, use `|spell=in`:

`{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=in}}` → ten miles (16,000 m)

To spell out both in and out values, use `|spell=on`:

`{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on}}` → ten miles (sixteen thousand metres)

To make first letter a capital, use `|spell=In`, `|spell=On`

`{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=In}}` → Ten miles (16,000 m)
`{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=On}}` → Ten miles (sixteen thousand metres)

Remember that the spelling of the units (ft, m) is independently set by `|abbr=`. To the extreme:

`{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on|abbr=off|sp=us}}` → ten miles (sixteen thousand meters)

### Spelling of units: UK metre or US meter?

Default spelling of units is en-UK. To show en-US spelling, use `|sp=us`:

`{{convert|1|m|ft}}` → 1 metre (3.3 ft) -- default
`{{convert|1|m|ft|sp=us}}` → 1 meter (3.3 ft)

### Extra words: 4 planted acres

Incomplete secion:
`{{convert|4|acre||adj=pre|planted}}` → 4 planted acres (1.6 ha)

### Extra adjective words: A 10-foot-long (3.0 m) corridor

`{{convert|4|ft| |adj=mid|-long}}` → 10-foot-long (3.0 m)

## Numbers in

### Fractions: 1⁄2 inch (12.7 mm)

The number to convert can be expressed in fractions:

`{{convert|1/2|in|mm|1}} → 1⁄2 inch (12.7 mm)`
``` Also the "⁄" punctuation is accepted (&frasl;) {{convert|1⁄2|in|mm|1}} → 1⁄2 inch (12.7 mm) Engineering notation: e6m Common engineering notations like e6 (106) are to be put with the unit: {{convert|9|e6m}} →9 million metres (30,000,000 ft) See also: {{val}} Numbers out to be added Output manipulation Brackets and separators: 10 m [33 ft] Punctuation that distinguishes the two measurements is set by |disp=. Options are: b (the default), sqbr, / (or: s, slash), comma, or, br, x|...: {{convert|10|m|ft}} → 10 metres (33 ft) -- ( ) brackets are the default {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=sqbr}} → 10 metres [33 ft] {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=slash}} → 10 m (33 ft)* {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=comma}} → 10 metres, 33 ft {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=or}} → 10 metres or 33 feet Setting |disp=br will force a new line (<br>) {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br}} → 10 metres33 feet Setting |disp=x extra parameter (separator) to add: {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=x|_MyText_}} → 10 metres_MyText_33 ft -- (Take care of the spaces, use &nbsp;) Converted measurement only: 6.2 mi Setting |disp=out returns the calculated measurement only: {{convert|10|km|mi|disp=out}} → 6.2 mi {{convert|10|km|mi|disp=u2}} → 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)* Converted number only: 6.2 Setting |disp=number returns the converted number only: {{convert|10|km|mi|disp=number}} → 6.2 Unit only: kilometres Setting |disp=unit returns the (input) unit only: {{convert|10|km|mi|disp=unit}} → kilometres Flipping the two measurements: 1,609.3 metres (1 mile) Set |disp=flip will flip (swap) the two measurements: {{convert|1|mi|m|disp=flip}} → 1,609.3 metres (1 mile) Table options For the wikitable structure, there are two options: split over columns and make the table sortable. Result split over columns in a table Using {convert} in a table cell, with |disp=table splits the result over two columns: {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=table}} → style="text-align:right;"|10 |style="text-align:right;"|33 |disp=tablecen does the same, and also centers the text: {{convert|20|m|ft|disp=tablecen}} → style="text-align:center;"|20 |style="text-align:center;"|66 The units are added as a column header: m ft |disp=table 10 33 |disp=tablecen 20 66 |disp=<other> (default) 30 metres (98 ft) Sorting Use both |disp=table |sortable=on to make a table column sortable. Only the first column will sort correct. {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=table|sortable=on}} → (don't let this frighten you) style="text-align:right;" data-sort-value="7001100000000000000"|10 |style="text-align:right;" data-sort-value="7001100000000000000"|33 m ft 10 33 20 66 30 98 US gallons more to follow Units overview See also: complete Convert/list of units The table below lists units supported by template {{convert}}. It is subdivided by the dimension of the measurement, such as length, area, and power. The list is not complete, more complete lists are linked for each dimension. A complete list is at the full list of units. The unit-code (column 3), is accepted as input by the template. These can be used as the second or third unnamed parameter. Some units have alternative codes; these are shown in brackets e.g. °F (F): each may be entered for Fahrenheit. Column 7 lists possible combinations of multiple converted outputs. E.g. {{convert|55|nmi|km mi}} produces "55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi)". Such a combination must be used as the third unnamed parameter. Abridged list of units supported by {{Convert}} Explanation system unit unit-code symbol orabbrev. notes sample defaultconversion combinationoutput units the system(s) to which the unit belongs units listed by name unit-code to use in template symbols shown in output other notes about the units sample of the default conversion for the unit output codes for multiple conversions LENGTH(Full list) system unit unit-code abbrev-iation notes sample defaultconversion combinationoutput units SI megametre Mm Mm US spelling: megameter 1.0 Mm (620 mi) kilometre km km US spelling: kilometer 1.0 km (0.62 mi) km mi metre m m US spelling: meter 1.0 m (3 ft 3 in) m ft m ftin centimetre cm cm US spelling: centimeter 1.0 cm (0.39 in) cm in millimetre mm mm US spelling: millimeter 1.0 mm (0.039 in) mm in micrometre μm (um) μm US spelling: micrometer 1.0 μm (3.9×10−5 in) nanometre nm nm US spelling: nanometer 1.0 nm (3.9×10−8 in) non-SI metric ångström Å(angstrom) Å 1.0 Å (3.9×10−9 in) Imperial&US customary mile mi mi 1.0 mi (1.6 km) mi km furlong furlong (none) 1.0 furlong (660 ft; 200 m) chain chain (none) 1.0 chain (66 ft; 20 m) rod rd rd For other names of this unit see the full list. 1.0 rd (17 ft; 5.0 m) fathom fathom (none) assumes 1 fathom ≡ 6 ft 1.0 fathom (6.0 ft; 1.8 m) yard yd yd assumes the international definition 1.0 yd (0.91 m) foot ft (foot) ft Citakan:Convert/list of units/foot note 1.0 ft (0.30 m) ftin (feet and inches) ft m (foot m) inch in in 1.0 in (25 mm) in cm in mm Other nautical mile nmi nmi the international standard nautical mileFor other nautical miles see the full list. 1.0 nmi (1.9 km; 1.2 mi) parsec pc pc 1.0 pc (3.3 ly) light-year ly ly 1.0 ly (63,000 AU) astronomical unit AU AU 1.0 AU (150,000,000 km; 93,000,000 mi) Citakan:Convert/list of units/area/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/volume/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/speed/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/force/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/energy/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/temperature/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/mass/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/torque/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/density/short list Citakan:Convert/list of units/extra Parameter list Option Description |abbr=comma No comma in input or output numbers. |abbr=in Use symbol for LHS unit. |abbr=off Use name for all units. |abbr=on Use symbol for all units. |abbr=out Use symbol for RHS unit (default). |abbr=values Show only input and output numbers, not units. |abbr=~ Show input unit symbol as well as name. |adj=1 Unit name is singular when value is 1 or less, but not zero. |adj=flip Reverse order of input/output. |adj=j Join value and unit name using "&nbsp;" instead of a space. |adj=mid Same as adj=on with user-specified text after input unit. |adj=nocomma No comma in input or output numbers. |adj=on Unit name is singular and hyphenated. |adj=pre User-specified text before input unit. |adj=ri1 Round input with precision 1. |adj=ri2 Round input with precision 2. |adj=ri3 Round input with precision 3. |disp=/ Join input/output using "/". |disp=2 Display only output value and symbol/name. |disp=5 Round output value to nearest 5. |disp=b Join input/output using "(...)". |disp=br Join input/output using "<br/>". |disp=comma Join input/output using ",". |disp=flip Reverse order of input/output. |disp=flip5 Same as disp=flip with disp=5. |disp=nocomma No comma in input or output numbers. |disp=number Display output value only. |disp=or Join input/output using "or". |disp=out Same as disp=2. |disp=output number only Same as disp=number. |disp=output only Same as disp=2. |disp=preunit User-specified text before input and output units. |disp=s Same as disp=/. |disp=slash Same as disp=/. |disp=sqbr Join input/output using "[...]". |disp=table Output is suitable for a table cell with align="right". |disp=tablecen Output is suitable for a table cell with align="center". |disp=u2 Display output symbol/name (not input; not output value). |disp=unit Display input symbol/name (not output; not input value). |disp=unit2 Same as disp=u2. |disp=x Join input/output using user-specified text. |comma=5 Only use comma grouping if 5 or more digits. |comma=gaps Use gaps, not comma, to separate groups of digits. |comma=gaps5 Use gaps, but only if 5 or more digits. |debug=yes Make the normally hidden sort key visible. |frac=N Display the output as fractions with N as the largest denominator. |lk=in Link LHS unit name or symbol. |lk=on Link all unit names or symbols (but not twice for the same unit). |lk=out Link RHS unit name or symbol. |sigfig=N Round output value to N significant figures (N is a positive integer). |sortable=on Output numeric hidden sort field for use in a sortable table. |sp=us Use U.S. spelling (like "meter" instead of default "metre"). |spell=in Spell input value in words. |spell=In Spell input value in words with first letter uppercase. |spell=on Spell input and output values in words. |spell=On Spell input and output values in words with first letter uppercase. Examples of number grouping: {{convert|1234|m|ft}} → 1,234 metres (4,049 ft) {{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=5}} → 1234 metres (4049 ft) {{convert|12345|m|ft|comma=5}} → 12,345 metres (40,502 ft) {{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=gaps}} → 1234 metres (4049 ft) {{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=gaps5}} → 1,234 metres (4,049 ft)* {{convert|123,456,789|m|ft|comma=gaps5}} → 123,456,789 metres (405,041,959 ft)* Examples of spelling input values: {{convert|10|mi|km|spell=in}} → ten miles (16 km) {{convert|10|mi|km|spell=In}} → Ten miles (16 km) {{convert|1/3|mi|km|adj=on|spell=in}} → one-third-mile (0.54 km) Options not supported Free text in a range: 12 m but not greater than 14 m {{|tl|convert}} does not cover free text in range descriptions. For these cases, one can calculate the numbers using convert, and then hardcode the numbers in a page with text added. TemplateData This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools. Convert Converts measurements to other units.Parameter templatParameterKeteranganJenisStatusvalue1the value to convertAngkaopsionalfrom unit2Barisopsionalto units3Barisopsionalprecision or suffix4significant digits after decimal dot or, if negative, exponent of tenAngkaopsionallink unitslk“on” all, “in” input, “out” output or “off” no unitsBakuoffBarisopsionalabbreviationabbrshow “on” unit symbols, “off” all unit names in full words, “in” abbreviated input units, “out” abbreviated output units or “values” no unit namesBarisopsionalspellingsp“us” USBarisopsionaladjectiveadjadjective form (singular unit name appended by hyphen) “on” or “mid” to put conversion at endBarisopsionalconversiondispshow conversion … “or” after ‘or’, “b” in parentheses, “x” with custom prefix and suffix, “table”/“tablecen”, “output only” alone, “output number only” alone and without unit, “flip” first, “unit” not at all but input unit; if the value is a number it is used as precisionBakubBarisopsionalsignificant figuressigfignumber that sets the number of significant figuresAngkaopsionalsort keysortable“on” generates a hidden sort keyBarisopsional Glossary todo Dimension: Significant figures, Sigfig: See also Template:Convert/old - pre-2014 version Template:Convert/units not supported Category:Convert error categories tséCitakan matématika FunctionsNumeral systemsFungsi [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] Numeral systems [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]]  Konvérsi [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] barrels of oil to tonnes [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] to convert any linearly related units [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] long hundredweights, quarters and pounds to kilograms;long tons and hundredweights to pounds and metric tonnes [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] for use in infoboxes [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] degrees, minutes and seconds to decimal degrees [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] hour angle (in hours, minutes, and seconds) to decimal degrees [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] decimal degrees to hour angle (in hours, minutes, and seconds) [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] to calculate inflation of Consumer Price Index-related prices [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] miles and chains to kilometres linking "chains" [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] density of a population in an area [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] railway track gauges  Catetan [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] for stand-alone formulas, using a bigger font to match PNG-rendered TeX formulas [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] bra–ket notation [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] for creating fractions [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] integral symbols [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] angular brackets [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] multiline delimiters (2-5 lines inclusive) [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] a short form to refer to individual italicized maths variables in normal text [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] arbitrary characters/diacritics set above/below one another [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]][[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] wraps a TeX math expression in [itex] tags [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] to report measurement values, uncertainties and units [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] for various overarrows, underarrows, pointing left, right or both ways  KotakKartuPangumumanKotakKartuPangumuman [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] [[Citakan:{{{2}}}|{{{2}}}]] Citakan:C ```

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