Béda révisi "Insinyur"

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(Kaca anyar: {{For|the British rock band Engineers|Engineers (band)}} {{For|the Indian air marshal|Aspy Engineer}} {{tarjamahkeun|Inggris}} [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Engineer&oldid=...)
 
{{For|the British rock band Engineers|Engineers (band)}}
{{For|the Indian air marshal|Aspy Engineer}}
 
{{tarjamahkeun|Inggris}}
[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Engineer&oldid=174201680]
 
{{wiktionarypar|engineer}}
An '''engineerInsinyur''' isnyaéta someonesaurang whonu iskalatih trainedatawa orgawé professionally engaged in a branch ofdina [[engineeringrékayasa]].<ref>{{cite web|author=Dictionary.com|title=Engineer|work=The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English language, Fouth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company |url=http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/engineer |year=2004|accessdate=2006-09-21}}</ref> EngineersInsinyur usemaké [[technologytéknologi]], [[mathematicsmatématika]], andsarta [[scientificpangaweruh]] [[knowledgesaintifik]] topikeun solve practicalngajawab [[problem|masalah-masalah]]s téknis. PeopleJalma who worknu asgawé engineerssalaku typicallyinsinyur havebiasana anngabogaan [[academic degree|tingkat akademis]] (oratawa equivalentpangalaman work experiencegawé) indina one of thesalah sahiji[[fields of engineering|engineeringwidang élmu disciplinesrékayasa]].<ref>[http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/issuebrf/sib99318.htm Degrees and Occupations in Engineering: How Much Do They Diverge?] Issue Brief, NSF 99-318 December 31, 1998</ref>
 
EngineersInsinyur andjeung scientistsélmuwan aresakapeung oftenmatak confusedbingung injalma theawam. mindsKukituna of the general public.ditegeskeun Whileyén [[scientistélmuwan]]s exploremah naturegawéna inngambahan orderalam tosangkan discoverbisa generalmanggihan prinsip-prinsip principlesumumna, engineerssabalikna applyinsinyur establishednerapkeun principlesprinsip-prinsip drawnnu fromdiwawarkeun mathematicstina andmatématika sciencejeung in[[sains]] orderpikeun tonyieun developjawaban economicalpraktis solutionstur toékonomis technicaltina masalah-masalah problemstéknis.<ref>{{cite web|author=[[National Society of Professional Engineers]]|title=Frequently Asked Questions About Engineering |url=http://www.nspe.org/media/mr1-faqs.asp|accessdate=2006-09-21|year=2006}} ''Science is knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths arranged in an orderly system that can be validated and communicated to other people. Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve our daily lives.''</ref><ref name="bls">{{cite web|author=[[Bureau of Labor Statistics]], U.S. Department of Labor|title=Engineers|work=Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2006-07 Edition |url=http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm|accessdate=2006-09-21|year=2006}}</ref> In shortCindekna, scientistsélmuwan studydiajar things(ti whereasalam), engineersinsinyur buildmah things.nyieun atawa Thengabangun workbarang-barang. ofPagawéan engineersinsinyur isminangka thepanyambung linkantara betweenpangabutuh perceivedsosial socialnu needskarasa andjeung commercialaplikasi applicationskomérsial. EngineersInsinyur considernimbang-nimbang manyloba factorshal whennalika developingngamekarkeun ahiji new productproduk. For exampleContona, innalika developingmekarkeun anhiji industrialrobot industri (robot pikeun kaperluan industri), engineersinsinyur preciselysacara specifyprésisi thenangtukeun functionalsakabéh requirements;kaperluan designfungsina, andngarancang testjeung thenguji robot’s componentskomponén-kompónenna; integratengahijikeun thekomponén-komponén componentséta tosangkan producejadi therancangan final designahir; andsarta evaluatemariksa the design's overalléféktivitas effectivenessrancangan, costbiaya, reliability katahanan, andjeung safetykasalametanana. ThisProsés processieu appliestumerap tonalika themekarkeun development of many differentrupa-rupa productsproduk, suchcontona as chemicalskimiawi, computers[[komputer]], engines[[mesin]], aircraft[[kapal udara]], andatawa toys[[cocooan]].<ref name="bls"/>
== Working as an engineer ==
Engineers and scientists are often confused in the minds of the general public. While [[scientist]]s explore nature in order to discover general principles, engineers apply established principles drawn from mathematics and science in order to develop economical solutions to technical problems.<ref>{{cite web|author=[[National Society of Professional Engineers]]|title=Frequently Asked Questions About Engineering |url=http://www.nspe.org/media/mr1-faqs.asp|accessdate=2006-09-21|year=2006}} ''Science is knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths arranged in an orderly system that can be validated and communicated to other people. Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve our daily lives.''</ref><ref name="bls">{{cite web|author=[[Bureau of Labor Statistics]], U.S. Department of Labor|title=Engineers|work=Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2006-07 Edition |url=http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm|accessdate=2006-09-21|year=2006}}</ref> In short, scientists study things whereas engineers build things. The work of engineers is the link between perceived social needs and commercial applications. Engineers consider many factors when developing a new product. For example, in developing an industrial robot, engineers precisely specify the functional requirements; design and test the robot’s components; integrate the components to produce the final design; and evaluate the design's overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety. This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals, computers, engines, aircraft, and toys.<ref name="bls"/>
 
Salian ti ngarancang jeung ngamekarkeun, loba insinyur nu gawéna dina widang uji, produksi, atawa miara produk. Insinyur-insinyur ieu nempoan produksi di pabrik-pabrik, nangtukeun sabab-sabab kasalahan komponén, sarta nguji barang-barang nu diproduksi sangkan kualitasna kajamin. Maranéhanana ogé ngira-ngira waktu jeung ongkos pikeun méréskeun hiji proyék. Sababaraha urang ogé gawé dina widang '''manajemén rékayasa''' atawa ngadagangkeun. Nalika dagang, kasang tukang salaku insinyur aya gunana dina ngabahas aspék-aspék téknis sarta ngabantu dina ngarencanakeun produk, nginstalasi, sarta makéna. 'Insinyur pangawas' ('''Supervisory engineers''') nganggung jawab bagian-bagian utama dina proyék.<ref name="bls"/>
In addition to design and development, many engineers work in testing, production, or maintenance. These engineers supervise production in factories, determine the causes of component failure, and test manufactured products to maintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost to complete projects. Some move into '''engineering management''' or into sales. In sales, an engineering background enables them to discuss technical aspects and assist in product planning, installation, and use. '''Supervisory engineers''' are responsible for major components or entire projects.<ref name="bls"/>
 
Insinyur maké komputer sacara éksténsif pikeun mroduksi jeung nganalisis rancangan; pikeun [simulasi|nyimulasikeun] sarta nguji kumaha gawé hiji mesin, struktur, atawa sistem; sarta pikeun narataskeun spésifikasi komponén. Loba insinyur ogé nu maké komputer pikeun ngawas kualitas produk jeung ngadalikeun éfisiénsi prosés.<ref name="bls"/>
Engineers use computers extensively to produce and analyze designs; to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or system operates; and to generate specifications for parts. Many engineers also use computers to monitor product quality and control process efficiency.<ref name="bls"/>
 
{{tarjamahkeun|Inggris}} [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Engineer&oldid=174201680]
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== "Engineer" as a title ==
In some countries of [[Continental Europe]] and Latin America the title is limited by law to people with an engineering degree, and the use of the title by others (even persons with much work experience) is illegal. In [[Italy]] the title is limited to people who, besides holding an engineering degree, have passed a professional abilitation exam (Esame di Stato). In [[Portugal]], professional engineer titles and accredited engineering degrees are regulated and certified by the ''[[Ordem dos Engenheiros]]''. In the [[Czech Republic]] the title "engineer" (Ing.) is given to people with a degree in chemistry, mechanical engineering or even economics (the last one is due to the historical reasons and tradition).
 
In the British Merchant Navy, the Chief Engineer is a rank equivalent to the Senior Engineering Officer on a US ship.
 
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== See also ==
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