Buka ménu utama

Perang Nagorno-Karabakh mangrupa konflik nu lumangsung di Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan kidul-kulon, ti Pébruari 1988 nepi ka Méi 1994. Perang ieu lumangsungna antawis étnis Arménia di Nagorno-Karabakh nu ditulungan ku Arménia ngalawan Azerbaijan. Perang ieu mangrupa konflik étnis nu pangdéstruktifna sa vvehs labuhna Uni Soviét dina Désémber 1991.

Perang Nagorno-Karabakh
Tanggal 1988–1994
Lokasi Nagorno-Karabakh, Arménia, jeung Azerbaijan
Casus belli Papaséaan wewengkon antawis Arménia jeung Azerbaijan
Hasil Arménia meunang.

Gencatan pakarang ditandatanganan taun 1994 ku Arménia, Azerbaijan, jeung Nagorno-Karabakh.

Wewengkon
changes
Nagorno-Karabakh sacara de facto jadi républik merdika, samentawis sacara de jure, wewengkon ieu tetep jadi bagian Azerbaijan. Pajangjian karapihan diayakeun antawis dua nagara pikeun ngomongkeun jagana wewengkon.
Nu perang
Bandéra Républik Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh

Bandéra Arménia Armenia[1]
Flag of the CIS.svg Tentara bayaran CIS

Bandéra Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
22px|border Mujahidin Apganistan[2]
Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Sukarélawan Chechen[3]

Flag of the CIS.svg Tentara bayaran CIS

Komandan
Samvel Babayan,
Hemayag Haroyan,
Monte Melkonian,
Vazgen Sargsyan,
Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan,
Anatoly Zinevich
İsgandar Hamidov,
Suret Huseynov,
Rahim Gaziev,
Shamil Basayev[3]
Kakiatan
20.000 72.000
Korban
5.856 pupus,
25.000 cedera
11.000 pupus,[4]
30.000 cedera

Catetan sukuÉdit

  1. Central Intelligence Agency. "The CIA World Factbook: Transnational Issues in Country Profile of Azerbaijan". Diakses tanggal 2007-02-14.  Military involvement denied by the Armenian government.
  2. Cooley, John K. (2002). Unholy Wars: Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism. London: Pluto Press. pp. 150–151. ISBN 0-7453-1917-3. 
  3. a b Griffin, Nicholas (2004). Caucasus: A Journey to the Land Between Christianity and Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 185–186. ISBN 0-2263-0859-6. 
  4. de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-1945-7. 

PustakaÉdit

  • Chorbajian, Levon, Patrick Donabedian, and Claude Mutafian (1994). The Caucasian Knot: The History and Geopolitics of Nagorno-Karabagh. Zed Books: London
  • Chorbajian, Levon (2001). The Making of Nagorno-Karabagh: From Secession to Republic. New York: Palgrave MacMillan
  • Chrysanthopolous, Léonidas T (2002). Caucasus Chronicles: Nation-building and Diplomacy in Armenia, 1993–1994. Princeton: Gomidas Institute
  • Cox, Caroline and John Eibner (1993). Ethnic cleansing in progress: War in Nagorno Karabakh. Zürich; Washington: Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World
  • Croissant, Michael P (1998). Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict: Causes and Implications. London: Praeger
  • Curtis, Glenn E. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia Country Studies. Federal Research Division Library of Congress
  • de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press
  • Freire, Maria Raquel (2003). Conflict and Security in the Former Soviet Union: The Role of the OSCE. Burlington, VT: Ashgate
  • Goltz, Thomas (1998). Azerbaijan Diary: A Rogue Reporter's Adventures in an Oil-Rich, War-Torn, Post-Soviet Republic. New York: M.E. Sharpe
  • Griffin, Nicholas (2004). Caucasus: A Journey to the Land Between Christianity and Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • Human Rights Watch/Helsinki (1995). Azerbaijan: Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. New York: Human Rights Watch
  • Karny, Yo'av (2000). Highlanders: A Journey to the Caucasus in Quest of Memory. New York: Douglas & McIntyre
  • Kaufman, Stuart (2001). Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War. New York: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs
  • Libaridian, Gerard (1988). The Karabagh Berkas: Documents and facts on the region of Mountainous Karabagh, 1918–1988. Zoryan Institute for Contemporary Armenian Reséarch & Documentation; 1st ed edition
  • Malkasian, Mark (1996). Gha-Ra-Bagh!: The Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia. Wayne State University Press
  • Melkonian, Markar (2005). My Brother's Road, An American's Fateful Journey to Armenia. New York: I.B. Tauris
  • Rost, Yuri (1990). The Armenian Tragedy: An Eye-Witness Account of Human Conflict and Natural Disaster in Armenia and Azerbaijan. New York: St. Martin's Press
  • Shamuratian, Samvel ed (1990). The Sumgait Tragedy: Pogroms Against Armenians in Soviet Azerbaijan. New York: Zoryan Institute

Tumbu kaluarÉdit


Citakan:Perang-stub