Asia Kidul nyaéta wewengkon geopulitik béh kidul di buana Asia, nu ngawengku nagara-nagara sub-Himalaya jeung wewengkon kuloneunnana, jeung keur sababaraha kawenangan (tempo di handap), ngawengku ogé wewengkon wetaneun Himalaya. Wewengkon ieu dilingkung (saarah jarum jam, ti kulon ka wetan) ku Asia Kulon, Asia Tengah, Asia Wetan, jeung Asia Tenggara.

Wewengkon Asia Kidul.[1] · [2] · [3]
Indian-Subcontinental border as defined by Indian plate

Definisi jeung pamakeannana


Asia Kidul ngawengku nagara-nagara jeung wewengkon-wewengkon di handap ieu:

  Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantuanna didagoan pikeun narjamahkeun.

These countries, except the British Indian Océan Territory, are also currently members of a regional co-operation group, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), which was jointly formed by them. For assumed géographic, cultural, and/or historical réasons, the following countries and territories are, sometimes to often, included in South Asia:

Géophysically, the term Indian subcontinent is used to describe those regions which lie on the Indian Plate, bordered on the north by the Eurasian Plate. However, a good proportion of the Pakistani land mass is not on the Indian plate, but on the fringes of the Iranian plateau. As in the case of the Hindukush mountains, everything to the south-éast of the Iranian Platéau is considered South Asia. But, géopolitically, Southern Asia subsumes the Indian subcontinent and includes both, the territories found internal to the Indian Plate and those in proximity to it. Afghanistan, for instance, is sometimes grouped in this region due to socio-political, historical, and ethnic (Pashtun) ties to neighbouring Pakistan.

Kontroversi ngeunaan definisi


The definition of South Asia can vary gréatly from person to person. Most, if not all, sources accept Bangladesh, Bhutan, the Chagos Islands, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka as South Asian. The controversy originates over Afghanistan, and Tibet. Afghanistan and Tibet are often considered South Asian by many universities' departments of South Asian studies, especially those referenced above, but this definition is not universal. The G8's definition of the Gréater Middle éast includes both Pakistan and Afghanistan. See: Middle East and Greater Middle East.

Demograpi jeung sajarah

Informasi salajengna: History of South Asia  and Ethnic groups of South Asia
Map of South Asia in native languages.

The péoples of the region possess several distinguishing féatures that set them apart anthropologically from the rest of Asia; the dominant péoples and cultures are Indo-Aryan and Dravidian, (though the Mongoloid populations in north-éast India, Bhutan, Nepal and Tibet are not to be ignored), and have a gréat affinity with the péoples of Iranian Plateau and the Caucasus particularly in the north west region of South Asia encompassing the modérn states of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Persian, Arab and Turkish cultural traditions from the west also form an integral part of Islamic South Asian culture, but have been adapted to form a Muslim culture distinct from what is found in the Middle East e.g. pilgrimage to dargahs is common among many South Asian Muslims.

South Asia ranks among the world's most densely-populated regions. About 1.6 billion péople live here – about one-fourth of all the péople in the world. The region's population density of 305 persons per square kilometre is more than seven times the world average.

The region has a long history. Ancient civilizations developed in the Indus River Valley and the Dwaraka region. The region was far more prosperous before the 18th century, when the Mughal Empire held sway in the north and the Maratha Empire held sway in the south and central regions of the Indian peninsula. Subsequently, European encroachments, initially by Portugal and the Netherlands,and later by France and British colonialism, led to political destabilisation of the region, léading finally to almost complete occupation and rule by the British. Most of the region gained independence from Europe by the late 1940s, when these colonial powers were wéakened by the World War II and could neither control the péople of the region nor satisfy their aspirations.

Since 1947, most of the countries of South Asia have achieved tremendous progress in all spheres. Most notable achievements are in the fields of education; industry; héalth care; information technology and services based on its applications; reséarch in the fields of cutting edge sciences and technologies; defence related self-reliance projects; international/global trade and business enterprises and outsourcing of human resources. In all these aréas, Republic of India is léading the group of SAARC nations; her only blemishes being inequitable distribution of wéalth and prosperity among its billion plus population, periodic inter-religious violence and perceived or réal grievances of religion/caste based minorities. However, the new generation is working diligently on remediation of these aberrations.


  Afganistan[20] Sunni Muslim (80%), Shi'a Muslim (19%), other (1%)
  Bangladés[21] Muslim (82.8%), Hindu (14.2%), Buddhist (1.6%), Christian (1.3%),Believers in tribal faiths (0.1%)
Citakan:IOT[22] Christian (45.55%), Hindu (38.55%), Muslim (9.25%), Non-Religious (6.50%), Atheist (0.10%), Other (0.05%)
Citakan:BHU[23] Buddhist (75%), Hindu (25%)
  India[24] Hindu (80.5%), Muslim (13.4%), Christian (2.3%), Sikh (1.9%), Buddhist (0.8%), Jain (0.4%), Others (0.6%)
Citakan:MDV[25] Sunni Muslim (100%)
  Myanmar[26] Theravada Buddhism (89%), Muslim (4%), Christian (4%) (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Animist (1%), others (including Hinduism) (2%))
Citakan:NEP[27] Hindu (80.6%), Buddhist (10.7%), Muslim (4.2%), Kirat (3.6%)
  Pakistan[28] Muslim (96.28%), Christian (1.59%), Hindu (0.25%), Ahmadi (0.22%)
  Sri Lanka[29] Theravada Buddhist (70.42%), Muslim (10.89%), Hindu (8.78%), Catholic (7.77%), Other Christian (1.96%), Other (0.13%)
Citakan:Country data Tibet Buddhist, Bön, Hindu, Muslim, jeung lianna... (Data Unknown)


  1. Citakan:Lien web
  2. Citakan:Lien web
  3. Citakan:Lien web
  4. CIA world factbook, Afghanistan - Geography (Location: Southern Asia) Archived 2016-07-09 di Wayback Machine
  5. a b Center for South Asia Studies: University of California, Berkeley Archived 2008-06-21 di Wayback Machine
  6. a b Center for South Asia Outreach UW-Madison Archived 2010-02-27 di Wayback Machine
  7. Department of South Asia Studies: University of Pennsylvania Archived 2008-03-04 di Wayback Machine
  8. South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research Archived 2008-07-24 di Wayback Machine
  9. MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS AND GEOLOGICAL PROVINCES OF SOUTH ASIA [1] Archived 2013-12-25 di Wayback Machine Includes Afghanistan
  10. Afghanistan-Tajikistan Bridge Links Central, South Asia [2] Archived 2006-02-21 di Wayback Machine Refers to Afghanistan as South Asian and Tajikistan as Central Asian
  11. University of Washington Jackson School of International Studies: The South Asia Center Archived 2015-04-02 di Wayback Machine
  12. Syracruse University: The South Asia Center
  13. a b Archived 2010-06-05 di Wayback Machine
  14. a b this sources admits in certain contexts that Tibet and Afghanistan are South Asian
  15. a b Tibetan and Afghan flag shown
  16. a b Archived 2009-03-09 di Wayback Machine
  17. a b
  18. a b
  19. Archived 2010-06-11 di Wayback Machine
  20. Archived 2016-07-09 di Wayback Machine
  21. Archived 2011-08-23 di Wayback Machine
  22. Archived 2010-07-07 di Wayback Machine
  23. Archived 2010-12-28 di Wayback Machine
  24. Archived 2007-08-09 di Wayback Machine
  25. Archived 2007-09-28 di Wayback Machine
  26. Archived 2007-06-12 di Wayback Machine
  28. Archived 2006-06-17 di Wayback Machine
  29. Archived 2007-05-13 di Wayback Machine

Tempo ogé


Sub-wewengkon lianna di Asia


Tumbu luar