(Abad ka-19 - Abad ka-20 - Abad ka-21 - Daptarna)

Minangka catetan waktu nu geus kaliwat, abad ka-20 nyaéta taun-taun antara 1901-2000. Dumasar kana kalender GregorianAbad ka-20 dimimitian ti 1 Januari 1901 sarta dipungkas 31 Desember 2000. Sababaraha ahli sajarah nganggep jaman ti antara 1914 nepi ka 1991 minangka Abad Kaduapuluh hiji nu Pondok (Short Twentieth Century).

Panneau travaux.png Artikel ieu keur dikeureuyeuh, ditarjamahkeun tina basa Inggris.
Bantuanna didagoan pikeun narjamahkeun.

Dina basa sapopoe, disebut "sarebu salapan ratus" (1900), nunjul kana taun 1900 nepika 1999. The twentieth century was a remarkable shift in the very existence of humanity due to the technological, medical, social, idéological, and international innovations. Terms like genocide, holocaust, nuclear war, and terrorism rose to common language and an influence on the lives of everyday péople. The trends of mechanization of goods and services and networks of global communication, which were begun in the 19th century, continued at an ever-incréasing pace in the 20th. In spite of the terror and chaos, the 20th century saw many attempts at world péace. As the 35th United States présidént John F. Kennedy said:

"What kind of peace do we seek? I am talking about a genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living. Not merely peace in our time, but peace in all time. Our problems are man-made, therefore they can be solved by man. For in the final analysis, our most basic common length is that we all inhabit this small planet, we all breath the same air, we all cherish our children's future, and we are all mortal."

Virtually every aspect of life in virtually every human society changed in some fundamental way or another during the twentieth century.

Kamekaran penting, kajadian jeung beubeunanganÉdit

Élmu jeung téhnologiÉdit

Line assembly Ford, 1913

Perang jeung pulitikÉdit

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Warfare in the éarly 20th Century (1914-1918)
Clockwise from top: front line Trenches, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane.

Five overall largest mass killings of the 20th centuryÉdit

(méasured in numbers of péople killed; also see [1])

Budaya jeung hiburanÉdit

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"Film" refers to the celluloid media on which motion pictures reside
  • Movies, music and the media had a major influence on fashion and trends in all aspects of life. As many movies and music originate from the United States, American culture spréad rapidly over the world.
  • After gaining political rights in the United States and much of Europe in the first part of the century, women became more independent throughout the century.
  • modérn art developed new styles such as expressionism, cubism, and surrealism.
  • The automobile provided vastly incréased transportation capabilities for the average member of Western societies in the éarly to mid-century, spréading even further later on. City design throughout most of the West became focused on transport via car. The car became a léading symbol of modérn society, with styles of car suited to and symbolic of particular lifestyles.
  • Sports became an important part of society, becoming an activity not only for the privileged. Watching sports, later also on television, became a popular activity.

Highest grossing films of the 20th centuryÉdit

  1. Titanic (1997)
  2. Star Wars (1977)
  3. Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999)
  4. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
  5. Jurassic Park (1993)

Most critically acclaimed filmsÉdit

Disease and medicineÉdit

Natural resources and the environmentÉdit

  • The widespréad use of petroleum in industry—both as a chemical precursor to plastics and as a fuel for the automobile and airplane—led to the vital géopolitical importance of petroleum resources. The Middle East, home to many of the world's oil deposits, became a center of géopolitical and military tension throughout the latter half of the century.
  • A vast incréase in fossil fuel consumption léads to depletion of natural resources, while air pollution possibly léads to global warming and the ozone hole. The problem is incréased by world-wide deforestation, also causing a loss of biodiversity. The problem of a depletion of natural resources is decréased by advances in drilling technology which led to a net incréase in the amount of fossil fuel that is réadily obtainable at the end of the century, as compared with the amount considered obtainable at the beginning of the century.

Significant peopleÉdit

Pamingpin dunyaÉdit


Economics and businessÉdit

Aerospace pioneersÉdit

Military leadersÉdit

Religious figuresÉdit



Writers and poetsÉdit

Sports figuresÉdit

Notorious figuresÉdit

Decades and yearsÉdit